(see line 6 where I added /shop) I can call the storefront but without any pages or links working (see screenshot above).
Also, the admin link is not working.
I already deployed static content, cleaned the cache and rebuild but this did not change anything.
I guess manipulating the htaccess like I did only works for parts of it. Nowhere in the documentation it is said to modify this line however. When I leave everything as it is after installation it does not work. When I understood the rewrite rules correctly all request under localhost/shop should go to localhost/shop/pub but this does not happen.
When I manually enter localhost/shop/pub I can see the "Home Page" with "CMS homepage content goes here." as content. Seems to be correct.